Is Gravity Caused by Tension in the Fabric of Space-Time?
   
  by Robert J. Lee

Gravity: Push or Pull?

I donít believe that gravity pulls us.  I think push is a more accurate concept.  A heavenly body such as the earth displaces the fabric of space-time, and the result is an effect of tension against the surface of the earth.  Matter is pushed down in an elastic-like effect.  The tautness of curved space-time holds us down.  The fabric of space-time, which covers the earth, is curved because the massive presence of the planet earth distorts the fabric.  The fabric of space-time is invisible matter, and although we cannot see the fabric of space-time we can observe its effects.

Naturally, the gravity would be greater on a planet with greater radius and mass than the earth because the fabric surrounding the planet would be stretched to a greater degree of tension.  Objects on these planets are "pushed down" with greater force.  The planet Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system and has the greatest surface gravity of the nine planets.  The gas giant Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system.  Due to the nature of its mass, the fabric can penetrate this planet more easily than it can penetrate Jupiter.  As could be expected, Saturn has less than half the surface gravity of Jupiter.  If all nine planets were composed of the same matter as the earth, then you could rank their surface gravities according to their sizes.

One could observe in many cases that the more massive an object, the greater its surface gravity will be.  Of course, the planets in our solar system are not composed of extremely dense matter and can be well penetrated by the fabric of space-time.  There is much "empty space" in our planet; an atom is mostly space.  Consequently, I believe that the fabric of space-time penetrates the Earth to its very core.  We know that even in our deepest mine shafts we have gravity.

The entire earth is surrounded by the fabric (or substance) of space-time.   I try to use analogies to describe this notion although my analogies are often less than perfect.  Think of the earth as being a giant porous ball trapped inside an enormous block of rubber-like substance.   This invisible substance pushes itself all the way to the center of our planet.   It is what makes a bottle of water fall to the floor deep inside a mine shaft when a miner drops it.  It is what holds a man down to the ground when he walks across a field.

Gravity and the Atom

I will have to postulate that the fabric of space-time cannot penetrate the nucleus of an atom.  This resistance would result collectively in tension which in turn causes gravity.  Earthís atomic matter is held down by this effect.  

In light of my theory, mass is not a result of tiny vibrating superstrings; mass is a result of the resistance of protons and neutrons to tension in the fabric of space-time.  I fully accept the idea that mass increases as matter moves at speeds close to that of light.  Why does mass increase?  It is because resistance to the fabric of space-time increases drastically as matter pushes against it at these advanced speeds. 

Consider the elements.  Even as a child I knew that lead was heavy.  You can see on the periodic table of the elements that lead has 82 protons and the atomic mass is 207.2.  Greater tension is produced when space-time matter comes into contact with the nucleus of a lead atom because resistance is greater.  Simply put, tension is a result of resistance.  This is the real basis of gravity.

Electron Shell Distortion Theory

If the fabric of space-time cannot penetrate the nucleus of an atom then it seems likely to me that the nucleus would be surrounded by globular layers of space-time matter.  These layers are in fact what we refer to as electron shells.  Tiny electrons spin on the surface of these layers billions of times a second.  Scientists know that high energy photons can knock the electrons off of their shells but the question is how?  I donít believe that a zero-mass luxon like the photon could knock an electron (even though it has a very tiny mass) off of itís shell like billiard balls as some have suggested, but in reality the photon distorts the contour of the shell and the electron flies off into space.  I call the above idea my Electron Shell Distortion Theory and hope that it will merit serious attention from physicists.  If this theory is proven then my ideas about gravity will gain credibility.

Gravity, Black Holes and Photons

Compact objects in the universe are made up of extremely dense matter.  Black holes are one type of compact object.   The following analogy illustrates why gravity is so enormous on the surface of a black hole: Imagine a ball of hard rubber cut in half.  Place a large steel ball bearing between the halves and press the halves together.  The fabric of space-time is like the hard rubber.  It is unforgiving and unyielding.  It cannot penetrate a black hole because there is no empty space inside a completely collapsed compact object.  The fabric of space-time presses down very hard on the surface of a black hole and creates enormous surface gravity. 

Light photons move freely through the fabric of space-time unless the fabric is extremely compacted.  An example would be the compacted fabric which surrounds a black hole.  I submit that light photons cannot pass through this super-compressed layer of fabric.

Models of Space-Time Curvature

In my opinion, there is a need for better models to illustrate space-time curvature.  Most models of space-time curvature generally depict something like a giant marble resting on a rubber-like sheet or net.  

The fabric (or substance) of space-time covers every inch of the earthís surface.  It would be more accurate to illustrate space-time curvature by depicting a globe (earth) inside the center of something like a cube of rubber (substance of space-time).  In this model, the globe would distort the rubber.  The rubber would exert pressure uniformly on the entire surface of the globe.  Students could benefit from a representation of this type. 

Properties of Space-Time

Respectfully, I offer my own intuitive ideas about the properties of space-time; like ordinary atomic matter, space-time occupies space, resists change and has physical properties: such as density.  I theorize that it can undergo physical change under certain conditions - one example might be when space-time comes into contact with the nucleus of an atom.  It may be that the strong nuclear force which exists between protons and neutrons causes space-time to change from a solid into a fluid state; I strongly suspect that it does.  In the fluid state, this mysterious substance may be super-slick.  Maybe this is why there is no appreciable drag to slow our planet down as it rotates.  Perhaps we can someday realize what the fabric of space-time is by improving our understanding of its relationship with the atoms that make up our planet Earth. 

Luminous bodies like the Earth were once masses of molten matter.  I believe that they were molded into round objects by the fabric of space-time that enveloped them.  I donít believe that they were shaped by so called "dark matter."  As the planets cooled, the fabric of space-time pushed the heavier elements (like iron) to the center to form a core.   

If atomic matter and the fabric of space-time are competing for space, then this suggests to me that our universe is finite and has absolute boundaries.  Is our universe enclosed in a "big bag?"  Shall we call  this idea the "Big Bag Theory?"

Proposal for Experiment

If scientists were to construct a round object made of nonmagnetic material that could generate high energy electromagnetic waves of consistent strength on the entire surface and suspend it in the air, it should create a round pocket of relaxed space-time as the waves push outward.  While generating high energy electromagnetic waves equally over its round surface, a device of this type should weigh nothing and remain stationary - and suspended in the air - for as long as it generates waves of a certain strength.  If one side generated waves of greater strength then the ball would be expected to move in the opposite direction because the waves of greater strength would be pushing against the curved wall of space-time.  If this object behaves as I have predicted it would establish that my notions are possibly correct but it could not be considered conclusive proof.

Gravity and the Moon

The curved distortion of the fabric of space-time around the Earth will meet the curved distortion of the fabric of space-time around the moon and jointly create a flat circular zone of compressed space-time.  This compression causes the flattened fabric of space-time to press down into the ocean - causing a swelling of the waters (tidal bulge)! 

When the moon is closest to the Earth, it is in Perigee.  As could be expected, this is when the tides are most affected, because the circular zone of compressed space-time is enlarged and will penetrate a larger area of water. 

Gravity is stronger on the Earth side of the moon.  If the Earth and moon pull at each other in the manner that mainstream physicists believe, then  gravity should be weaker on the Earth side of the moon.  The zone of flattened space-time compression pushes against the face of the moon, therefore increasing gravity. (please see drawing)

On charts depicting the oceansí tidal bulges, one will notice that the oceans bulge out on opposite sides of the Earth in alignment with the moon.  If the moon is pulling at the ocean, as most people believe, then how could the tides bulge away from the moon, simultaneously, on the opposite side of the planet?  I believe that the moon and Earth have jointly created a distortion of space-time which affects the tides on opposite sides of the planet by penetration and competition for space.

Mainstream science asserts that the moon is held in orbit by the gravitational pull of the Earth.  At the same time scientists admit that the Earthís gravity is the weakest of natureís four forces.  The electromagnetic force can overcome the gravitational pull of our planet, as in the case of an electrostatic charge.   I suspect that there must be an unrecognized force that holds the moon in orbit.

If the fabric of space-time pushes against the surfaces of the Earth and moon, and at the same time the Earth pulls at the moon like a giant magnet in the presence of a large iron ball, then it seems obvious that the zone of flattened space-time compression that lies between them is the cushion that keeps them from crashing into each other.  These two forces simultaneously work in a harmonious fashion to keep nature in balance.


 

Copyright © 2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013 by Robert J. Lee.  All rights in the above article are reserved.   No portion may be reproduced in any form without the express permission of the author.

You may contact the author by email at: tensiontheory@gmail.com

 

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